Symptoms of Erics Snake
1. It is mainly found hidden in the sand in the desert regions, it eats lizards, frogs and rats.
2. It is also commonly called ‘Wumuhi snake’ or ‘sand boa’.
3. The body is thick, cylindrical, about 1 meter long. Its upper surface is pinkish gray with brown spots and the ventral surface is yellow.
4. Small scales are present in 40-50 rows on the dorsal surface of the body. The scales are broad on the ventral surface.
5. The body is divided into head, trunk and tail. The head is fuzzy and proth blunt.
6. A pair of small eyes are found on the head in which the star pupil stands. There is a lack of eyelashes on the eye.
7. The back end of the tail is like a thick head. Hence it is called ‘Dumuhi Sarp’.
8. It is a poisonous and harmless snake.
9. It is found mainly in Rajasthan in India. Apart from this, it is found in Sri Lanka, Africa and Asia.
Symptoms of Hydrophysis
1. It is found in the sea and eats fish.
2. It is commonly called ‘Sea snake’. It is about 2 meters long.
3. The normal color of the body is dark olive green on the surface with yellowish horizontal stripes. The color of some is also blue and stripes of this dark color are found. The ventral surface is white in colour.
4. The head is small and inconspicuous and is covered by large shields.
5. Lorea scale is absent on the head. One eye is found in the eastern sacrum, two occipital sacs and 7 to 8 epidermal sacs are found, out of which the third and fourth tympanic sacs touch the eye. The scales of the ventral surface are smaller.
6. A pair of small eyes are found on the head. The star or pupil in the eye is round.
7. Small scales are found all over the body.
8 The tail is laterally compressed. And acts as a paddle in swimming.
9. 14-18 maxillary teeth are found behind the venom teeth.
10. It is a very poisonous snake. Its venom affects the nervous system.
11. It is found in India, Mexico, South Africa, Malaya Islands and Bay of Bengal.
Characteristics of Naja
1. It is a black colored venomous snake which makes a burrow in the soil. It is known by the name of Nag or Cobra.
2. The body is dark brown in color and the normal length is up to 6 feet.
3. Similar types of smooth scales of the body are found on the surface surface and on the ventral surface, similar scales are found on the transverse plate. The tail is conical and cylindrical.
4. This diurnal animal lives in burrows near vegetation under stones.
5. Small scales are found on the dorsal side of the head and large scales are found towards the front end. The third scale near the upper lip is larger. and touches the eye. The head is small and inconspicuous, on which 1 pair of eyes, round stars and nasal holes are present.
6. A pair of sharp curved teeth called fangs in the upper jaw. There is a venom gland near each maxilla, from which the venom tube exits and enters the tooth.
7. The cervical ribs can spread laterally to form a skin visor or a hood. The enc or U-like sign on the hood is found in some species.
8. It is a very venomous snake. When teased, it bites by raising its head, spreading its hood and hissing through the nostrils. If not treated in time, it can lead to death. By the way, it feeds on rats, frogs, lizards and other snakes. Its venom affects the nerves.
9. It lays eggs. The female lays six eggs at a time.
10. Medicines are made from its poison and shoes etc. are made from the skin.
Characteristics of Viper
1. It is found in rocky and bushy areas. It eats rats, lizards and birds.
2. It is commonly called Dobia Sarp or ‘Ghosan’ in Hindi. It is a venomous snake and is known as the troughless viper.
3. The body is about 1.5 to 2 meters long.
4. The head is large, flattened and triangular. It is covered by small scales. There is a mark of the shape of “V” on the reverse side of the head.
5. The body is brown in color but can be of different colors according to the environment.
6. The scales of the dorsal plane resemble plates. The scales of the ventral plane are relatively larger and are arranged in transverse plates. The apex is covered with small and notched scales.
7. Epidural tests are 10 to 12. The fourth epidermal scale is the largest and does not reach the eye.
8. A broad mouth, a pair of large nostrils and a pair of eyes are found on the top. The sides of the eyes are white and the iris is golden in colour. The trough is not found between the eye and nostrils.
9. The star or pupil of the eyes is elliptical.
10. On the maxilla bone of the upper jaw, a pair of long tubules with sharp fangs are found. In the state of rest, the vishdantas remain bent towards the roof of the mouth. It is a poisonous snake.
11. It is found in Europe, Asia, Sri Lanka, Burma and India.
Symptoms of Bangarus
1. It is commonly found in cracks of walls, logs of wood and under stones. It is nocturnal and eats small snakes, rats and frogs.
2. This is also commonly called Krait.
3. The body is cylindrical and about one meter long
4. Body color is dark blue. White transverse stripes are found on it. These bands are found alternately with blue stripes.
5. Large distinctive hexagonal scales are found in a row in the middle on the central surface of the body.
6. The ventral scales are found in the form of transverse plates which are 194-234 in number. 42-52 scales are found on the tail. The scales covering the body are smooth and small, arranged in 13-17 rows.
7. In this, the loreal wax is absent. The fourth ventral scale (4th infra-labial scale) is larger than the other labial scales.
8. There is no difference between the head and the neck, the fangs are small. The eyes are normal and the pupil present in them is circular.
9. It is a very poisonous snake. Its venom is more lethal than that of Naja.
10. It lays eggs and female provides ‘parental protection’ to the eggs.
11. It is found in South East Asia, all over India and Malaya.