english blogPrime Minister's Agriculture Irrigation Scheme

Prime Minister’s Agriculture Irrigation Scheme

Prime Minister’s Agriculture Irrigation Scheme

Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the extension of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna PMKSY up to the year 2026 with an outlay of Rs 93.068 crore.

The government has approved watershed development components of Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP), Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP) and PMKSY for four years (2021-22 to 2025-26).

Prime Minister’s Agriculture Irrigation Scheme

It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (Core Scheme) launched in the year 2015. The Centre-State share will be in 75:25 per cent. In the case of North Eastern Region and Hill States, the ratio will be 90:10.

This will benefit about 22 lakh farmers including 2.5 lakh scheduled caste and two lakh scheduled tribe farmers.

Ministry of Jal Shakti launched a mobile application for geo-tagging of components of projects under PMKSY in the year 2020.

It has three main components – Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP), Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP) and Watershed Development.

AIBP was launched in the year 1996 with the objective of expediting the implementation of irrigation projects exceeding the resource capacity of the states.

The objective of HCKP is to create new water sources through minor irrigation. Repair, restoration and renewal of water bodies, strengthening the carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction of rainwater harvesting structures.

Its sub components include: Command Area Development (CAD), Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI), Repair, Renovation and Restoration of Water Bodies (RRR), Ground Water Development.

Watershed development includes effective management of runoff water and improvement in soil and moisture conservation activities such as ridge area treatment, drainage line 5 treatment, rainwater harvesting, in-situ moisture conservation and other allied activities at the base of the watershed.

Objective

convergence of investment in irrigation at the regional level,

To expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet Ko Pani),

Improving on-farm water use efficiency to reduce water wastage,

Initiating sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal based water for peri-urban agriculture to enhance recharge of aquifers and attract greater private investment in a precision irrigation system .

An aquifer is a body of rock or sediment saturated with groundwater. Groundwater enters an aquifer due to soil seepage from rainwater. It moves through the aquifer and comes back to the surface through springs and wells.

Peri urban agriculture refers to agricultural units near the city, which operate intensive semi or wholly commercial farms to grow vegetables and other horticulture, raise chickens and other livestock, and produce milk and eggs.

Precision irrigation is an innovative technology, which is related to better use of water and helps farmers to get high level of crop yield with minimum water.

representation

It was prepared by combining the following schemes

Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Program (AIBP)- Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti).

Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP)- Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development.

On Farm Water Management (OFWM)- Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).

execution

Decentralized implementation through State Irrigation Plan and District Irrigation Plan.

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